الحمد لله، الحمد لله الذي أنزل القرآن، ،نحمد ونستعينه ونستغفره ونؤمن به ونتوكل عليه – ونعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا – من يهده الله فلا مضل له ومن يضلله فلا هادي له – ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد، يحيي ويميت، بيده الخير، وهو على كل شيء قدير، ونشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله، أرسله بشيرًا ونذيرًا بين يدي الساعة من يطع الله ورسوله فقد اهتدى، ومن يعصهما فإنه قد ضل، وإنه لا يضر إلا نفسه ولا يضر الله شيئًا إن خير الحديث كتاب الله، وخير الهدي هدي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم، وشر الأمور محدثاتها، وكل محدثة بدعة، وكل بدعة ضلالة، وكل ضلالة في النار..

أما بعد! فيا عباد الله اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون. يأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم. ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما. قال الله تعالى في كتابه الكريمشهْرُ رَمَضانَ الذِي أُنزِلَ فيهِ القرْآنُ هُدًى للنَّاسِ وَبيِّنَاتٍ منْ الهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ

“The month of Ramadan (Sayid) is the one in which the Qur‘an was revealed (initiated) as guidance for mankind, with clear signs containing guidance and al-furqan (that which will helps you differentiate between haq and batil).”

Allah praised the month of Ramadan out of the other months by choosing it to send down the Glorious Qur’an, just as He did for all of the Divine Books He revealed to the Prophets. This narration was reported by Ibn al-Durays in “The Virtues of the Quran” (127), and by al-Tabari in his “Tafsir” through the route of Yazid ibn Zurai’. Sa’id narrated to us, from Qatadah, who narrated from our companion, from Abu al-Jald. He said:

فقد رواه ابن الضريس في “فضائل القرآن” (127) ، والطبري في “التفسير” (24/ 377) من طريق يَزِيد بن زريع، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ ، حَدَّثَنَا صَاحِبٌ لَنَا عَنْ أَبِي الْجَلْدِ، قَالَ: “أُنْزِلَتْ صُحُفُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي أَوَّلِ لَيْلَةٍ فِي رَمَضَانَ، وَأُنْزِلَتِ التَّوْرَاةُ لِسِتٍ خَلَوْنَ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ، وَأُنْزِلَ الزَّبُورُ لِاثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ خَلَتْ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ، وَأُنْزِلَ الْإِنْجِيلُ لِثَمَانِ عَشْرَةَ خَلَوْنَ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ، وَأُنْزِلَ الْقُرْآنُ لِأَرْبَعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً خَلَتْ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ )

(The Suhuf (Scrolls) of Ibrahim were revealed during the first night of Ramadan. The Torah was revealed during the 6th  night of Ramadan. The Psalms was revealed on the 12th Night of Ramadan, The Injil was revealed on the 18th night of Ramadan. Allah revealed the Qur’an on the 24th night of Ramadan.)       

It is clear that this month of Ramadan is truly beyond compare – it is filled with gifts and blessings. Some known, some unknown, some hidden and some apparent. All our actions are multiplied and their benefit extended, our rizq is expanded, and the whisperers are locked up. But perhaps the single greatest and most significant blessing is the one to which our Lord refers to in this ayah. “Al-Qur’an”, and by it we mean every part of it, was sent down in the course of this month, from the Lawh al-Mahfudh, the Preserved Tablet, to the Bayt al-Izza, the House of Might in the Lowest Heaven. This happened on one blessed night in this month. Allah says,

حم وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُبَارَكَةٍ

 “Haa Mim, By the Clear Book, We sent it down on a blessed night.”

Another valuable point is raised by this ayah. These are the حروف مقطعة huroof al-muqata’at (the cut up letters), it’s meaning is only known to Allah, but the best explanation for their effect, given by our mufasirieen, is that they put the Aql or Intellect of man in its place by forcing it to contend with that which it will never comprehend, it is common to find these huroof muqata’at before ayat that speak about the Qur’an.

الم ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ ۛ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِين

“Alif Lam Meem, THAT is the Book, in it there is no doubt, A great guidance for those who have taqwa”. In other words, before you approach this “Book”, you must admit that you do not know, humble yourself and recognise your place before it so that you may be worthy to receive its guidance.

Somehow, the timeless, uncreated Speech of Allah entered into the zone of creation. This is unimaginable, incomprehensible, impossible, an indescribable divine Attribute to which nothing can compare made accessible, imprinted upon the heart of a created being, even if that created being is the uswatun hasanah and khairu khalqilah (the standard and the apex of creation). And yet our Lord made it happen, and even more astonishingly gave us the capacity to recite it, hear it and understand it. One of Sayyidina Musa’s greatest miracles was that Allah spoke to him. That is why he was given the laqab “Kaleemullah,” which means “the one who spoke with Allah.” Well, I say this to your ibadAllah, every time we hear the Qur’an recited, it is our Lord speaking to us and addressing us directly, is this not an honour of the highest nature. Every letter, every syllable comes directly from the Presence of Allah, and yet our ears and our tongues are able to hear it and savour it. Despite its unimaginable weight, a weight that crushes mountains

لَوَ اَنزَلْنَا هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ عَلَى جَبَلٍ لَّرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُّتَصَدِّعًا مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ

If We had sent down this Qur’an onto a mountain, you would have seen it humbled, crushed to pieces out of fear of Allah.”

            But yet our hearts are able to bear it in its entirety!

It is the way of this world that everything changes – nothing can and will remain the same – even the stars in the sky and the mountains on the ground. And the same is true of books – words are lost, languages forgotten, last copies are burned or destroyed. People misremember or misreport. But none of this has happened with the Qur’an – Why not?

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحافِظُونَ

 “It is We who have sent down the Reminder and it is We who will preserve it.” Allah (SWT) has taken it upon Himself to protect and preserve the Qur’an in its entirety.

Now, some think this refers only to its Words, but that is not so. It is not just the Words on the pages that have been preserved, but their meaning too. The truths that they express and the rulings that they convey.

وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُّحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ

“He it is Who has sent down to you (Muhammad) the Book (al-Quran). In it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book and others not entirely clear

Those ayat of ahkam/muhkamat will never be dated and will never cease to be applicable. They address each and every one us directly in whatever age, time or place we live. We are just as much their intended audience as the people who lived in the time of the Messenger of Allah. The Book is timeless. Every ruling that applied then applies now. We cannot be, we must not be like the Jews and Christians before us who took on some of their books and left other parts. We cannot brush aside rulings with the claim that they do not fit in with modern society. If some of the rulings found in the pages of the Quran cannot be implemented, then something is wrong with society. And it is that society that has to be changed and reformed, not this great deen that is perfect in every way. The haqq is found with the Words of Allah, not the whims of people.

Now let us turn to the language of the Qur’an

This book’s language is like no other, so amazing that even the most skilled and educated person can’t match it. It was given to a group of people for whom words were incredibly important. They were a people who believed that being great with words made you noble. They competed to make the most beautiful and complex language, and they respected their poets more than their kings. They even hung their poems on the walls of their most sacred place, the Kaaba in Makkah. People travelled from far away just to hear a few lines from their best poets. One such poet was:

Labid ibn Rabiah (لَبيد بن ربيعة) was an influential pre-Islamic Arab poet and one of the renowned poets of the Mu’allaqat (المعلقات), which refers to the seven hanging poems or odes highly esteemed by the Arabs during the Jaahilliyyah period. Labid was born into the Banu Amir tribe from the region of Hijaz.

One can only imagine how popular Labid was, how much fame and wealth he accrued through his poetry. His work was of such a high calibre that it had a lasting influence on Arabic literature and culture and he is often regarded as one of the greatest poets of the Jahiliyyah period.

Now When this same Labid first heard the Words of Allah being recited, he marvelled at their beauty and fell in love with them instantly. And from that day until his last day, he dedicated his entire life to the Qur’an, and never wrote another line of poetry!

For those who asked why the Qur’an was revealed in Arabic:

وَلَوْ جَعَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا أَعْجَمِيًّا لَّقَالُوا لَوْلَا فُصِّلَتْ آيَاتُهُ أأَعْجَمِيٌّ وَعَرَبِيٌّ قُلْ هُوَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا هُدًى وَشِفَاءٌ

Had we sent the Qur’an in a Foreign language then they would have had different complaints: We don’t understand it “it’s not clear” we don’t know where one sentence ends and another begins because it’s not our language. Is it really going to be a non-Arabic language while the messenger is Arab? Tell them it’s for those who really want to believe, it’s a guide and a healing – now we’re also learning that there is a nexus between shifa (healing) and the Arabic language.

Ask yourself, would you recite the translation of the Qur’an for Shifa?

And For those who still had doubts, Allah issued a challenge:

أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ قُلْ فَاتُواْ بِسُورَةٍ مِثْلِهِ

“Do they say he (the Prophet SAW) has invented it? Say, “Then produce a sura like it…” Up to this day none has responded. None could even make the attempt, for even without believing, they could still recognise when something was beyond them. Even the biggest unbelievers amongst them such as Abu Jahl, could not hide their admiration and wonder at the Qur’an. It is well known that he frequently went in secret to listen to it being recited, he would stand outside the Prophet’s home and he, or someone like him, is recorded in the Qur’an itself as having said,

لَوْلَا نُزِّلَ هَذَا الْقُرْءانُ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنَ الْقَرْيَتَيْنِ عَظِيمٍ

“If only this Qur’an had been revealed to one of the great men of the two cities” Meaning Makkah and Taif, because many of the wealthy and influential men from Makkah had holiday homes in Taif. In other words, their issue was not with the Qur’an, which they could not fail to recognise due to their proficiency in language, but rather with the one to whom it had been revealed.

With a capacity to move the hardest of hearts and bring tears to the driest of eyes. You do not even need to know Arabic to feel their force and attraction, for the Words of Allah transcend the boundaries of language, speaking directly to the heart. Many a meaning has been tasted and grasped by the ‘ajami while the Arab remains totally oblivious. They are more than their letters and vowels, they transport us directly into the Presence of our Lord. They are the highest form of dhikr

أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللهِ تَطْمَئِنَّ الْقُلُوبُ

 “Is it not in the dhikr of Allah that hearts find peace”

No better use can be made of our ears than to listen to it. And no better use can be made of our tongues than to recite it. And no better use can be made of our aql than to ponder its verses. 

فَضْلُ كَلَامِ اللهِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الْكَلَامِ كَفَضْلِهِ عَلَى خَلْقِهِ

“The excellence of the speech of Allah with respect to all other types of speech is like the excellence of Allah with respect to his creation.” In other words, there is no comparison – it is infinitely better. So fill your hours with its recitation, even if you struggle to read and pronounce it. Or maybe I should say, especially if you struggle to read and pronounce it, for the Messenger of Allah said,

الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ القُرْآنَ وَهُوَ مَاهِرٌ بِهِ مَعَ السَّفَرَةِ الكِرَامِ البَرَرَةِ، وَالَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ وَيَتَتَعْتَعُ فِيهِ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِ شَاقٌّ لَهُ أجْرَانِ

            “The one who is proficient in the recitation of the Qur’an will be with the honourable and obedient scribes, but the one who recites the Qur’an and finds it difficult to recite, trying his hardest to recite it as best as he can, will have a double reward.” While studying in Damascus we had classmates from all over, some more proficient that others in the recitation of the Qur’an. However, some nationalities struggled more with proper pronunciation (emanation of the letters) than others. Our teacher would say to us, do not look down on them or laugh at them for Allah gives them double reward. He will have the reward of one who recites along with the reward of one who struggles in the way of Allah. Then I thought to myself, let me be one of them! So, take advantage of this month of Ramadan, this month of Quran, and recite. Fill your day with His Words and you will not be disappointed.

أقول قولي هذا وأستغفر الله لي ولكم ولسائر المسلمين فاستغفروه إنه هو الغفور الرحيم

الحمد لله الحمد لله رب العالمين، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله، صلى الله وسلم وبارك عليه وعلى آله وصحبه، والتابعين وتابعي التابعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين. أما بعد! فيأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله ما استطعتم واسمعوا وأطيعوا وأنفقوا خيرا لأنفسكم. يا عباد الله أوصيكم وإياي بتقوى الله وطاعته قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنَّ للَّهِ أَهْلينَ منَ النَّاسِ قالوا: يا رسولَ اللَّهِ ، من هُم ؟ قالَ: هم أَهْلُ القرآنِ ، أَهْلُ اللَّهِ وخاصَّتُهُ

Allah does not have family, as we all know. But the Prophet (SAW) said something peculiar and extraordinary. The Prophet said, “The people of Qur’an, they are the family of Allah, they are His special ones.” Ya Ibadallah, If you want to gain the pleasure of Allah and be one of His family in this world and the Next, then there is no better way than through Al-Qur’an. The Prophet has taught us some virtues of the Qur’an:

لا يحزن قارئ القرآن

            “The reciters of Qur’an will not feel sadness.” And he said,

القرآن غنىً لا فقر بعده

            “The Quran is wealth after which there is no poverty.”

أشراف أمتي حملة القرآن وأصحاب الليل

            “The nobility of my umma are those who have memorised the Qur’an and those who stand the night in prayer.” 

من جمع القرآن متّعه الله بعقله حتى يموت

            “If you memorise the Quran, Allah will give you intellect until the day you die.” Clearly the lovers of Al-Qur’an are earmarked the best of this world and the best of the Next, but to be ranked among them, it is not enough to simply memorise the Words.

And so we return to the Ayah we started with

أُنزِلَ فيهِ القرْآنُ هُدًى للنَّاسِ

 “the Quran was sent down as guidance to mankind.”

The central point of the Qur’an is guidance, in order to grasp that guidance, we must study it and reflect upon it, for its letters and words are not just beautiful sounds to be recited, but profound meanings to be pondered and reflected upon. Allah says,

كِتَابٌ أَنْزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَارَكٌ لِيَدَّبَّرُوا آَيَاتِهِ

 “It is a Book We have sent down to you, full of blessing, so that people ponder its Signs.” لِيَدَّبَّرُوا is not simply pondering but studying it’s verses. Your Qur’an should be the most oft recited book in your house, with notes and links between passages, it should be falling apart from overuse. The Qur’an is our Lord’s khitab, His direct communication to us, “We have not omitted anything from the Book.”

مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ

He who is lost finds his way, he who is sick finds his cure, he who is in the dark finds his light, he who is exposed finds shelter and he who is alone finds company in Al-Qur’an. The Book of Allah is a treasure trove that each and every one of us can access at every moment of our lives. It is the haqq/ the truth to which we hold while the rest of the world find themselves in the darkness and drowning in a sea of batil /faslsehood, and hawa/ whim. Indeed, when you have made it part of who you are, no batil can even touch you, let alone overcome you. Allah says,

لاَّ يَاتِيهِ ٱلْبَـٰطِلُ مِن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَلاَ مِنْ خَلْفِهِ تَنزِيلٌ مّنْ حَكِيمٍ حَمِيدٍ

 “Falsehood cannot reach it from before it or behind it – it is a revelation from One who is All-Wise, Praiseworthy.”

“إِنَّ الْحَقَّ زَهَقَ الْبَاطِلَ

“Indeed truth will always overcome falsehood”

However, I implore you to approach the Qur’an as it should be approached. Recall the Huroof almuqata’at I mentioned earlier, We must approach the Qur’an humbly open to receive the guidance and not in order to satisfy our hawa. For I fear should you approach it this way, then the Qur’an may turn against you.

إن الذين يفترون على الله الكذب لا يفلحون

 “People who invent lies against Allah will not be successful.”

The protection against this is true sincerity and keeping the company of the people of knowledge and the people of Allah.

In conclusion, I leave you with a notable statement about Al-Qur’an by Dr. Said Ramadan Al-Buti (RA):

القرآن ليس مجرد كتاب للتوجيه، بل هو طريقة حياة كاملة. تحتوي آياته على حكمة عميقة وتوجيهات لكل جانب من جوانب الحياة الإنسانية. لكي تستفيد حقًا من القرآن، يجب أن يقترب الإنسان منه بإخلاص وتواضع واستعداد لتأمل تعاليمه.

“The Quran is not just a book of guidance, it is a complete way of life. Its verses contain profound wisdom and guidance for every aspect of human existence. To truly benefit from the Quran, one must approach it with sincerity, humility, and a readiness to implement its teachings.”

We ask Allah to make us people of the Quran. We ask that He place its Words upon our tongues, fill our hearts with its light and make its Commands and instructions the sole basis by which we act. And we ask that He increase us in love for His Book and love for the one without whom none of us would have known it or ever had access to it, the Rasool of Allah. For it is only through him and his Sunna that any correct knowledge of the Qur’an is possible.

إِنَّ اللهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ، يَا أَيُهَا الذِينَ آمَنُواْ صَلُّواْ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسْلِيماً.

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ. وَارْضَ اللَّهُمَّ عَنِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ، وعن أم المؤمنين عائشة التي أمرنا الله في سورة النور أن ندافع عنها، وَعَنْ سَائِرِ الصَّحَابَةِ أَجْمَعِينَ، خُصُوصاً اِلأَنْصَارَ مِنْهُمْ وَالمُهَاجِرِينَ، وَعَنِ التَّابِعِينَ وَتَابِعِي التَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِ وُلَاةَ أُمُورِ المُسْلِمِينَ لِمَا يُرْضِيكَ وَلِاتِّبَاعِ سُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَهُمْ عَلَى الصِّرَاطِ المُسْتَقِيمِ، وَأَصْلِحْهُمْ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ.

اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى شُيُوخِنَا ، وَعَلَى أَمِيرِنَا، وَعَلَى جَمِيعِ أُمَرَاءِ وَزُعَمَاءِ المُسْلِمِينَ.

اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى المُسْلِمِينَ فِي هَذِهِ المَدِينَةِ، وَوَفِّقْهُمْ لِمَا تُحِبُّهُ وَتَرْضَاهُ يَا أَكْرَمَ الأَكْرَمِينَ.

اللَّهُمَّ أَعِزَّ الإِسْلَامَ وَالمُسِْلمِينَ، وَاخْذُلِ الْكُفْرَ وَالْكَافِرِينَ، وَانْصُرِ المُجَاهِدِينَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ. وَاجْعَلْ كَلِمََتَكَ هِيَ العُلْيَا وَكَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ هِيَ السُّفْلَى.

رَبَّنَا ءَاتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقَِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ.

عِبَادَ اللَّهِ، رَحِمَكُمُ اللهُ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى وَيَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ، يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ. أَذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ، وَادْعُوهُ يَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ، وَلَذِكْرُ اللهِ تَعَالَى أَعْلَى وَأَوْلَى وَأَعَزُّ وَأَهمُ وَأَكْبَرُ.

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