الحمد لله، الحمد لله الذي جعل صحةَ الإنسان وحياةَ المجتمعِ في إصلاح المعاملة، وحفِظها في المدينة المنورة، نحمده تعالى ونستعينه، ونشكره تعالى ونستغفره ونستغيثه، نعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهد الله فهو المهتد ومن يضلل فلن تجد له وليا مرشدا، ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك و له الحمد، يحيي ويميت، بيده الخير، وهو على كل شيء قدير، ونشهد أن سيدنا و مولانا محمداً عبده ورسوله، وحبيبه وصفيه، بلغ الرسالة وأدى الأمانة ونصح الأمة، النبي الأمي الذي أرسله الله بالهدى والدين الحق، بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة، صلى الله عليه وسلم وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.أما بعد! فيا عباد الله اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون. يأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم. ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما. اتقوا الله فيما أمر وانتهوا عما نها عنه وزجر.
As a continuation of the topic of last week, and also in response to the rousing talk of Hajj Rhomeez yesterday when, amongst other things, he reminded us through the medium of our shaykh of what it means to have integrity, I would to comment on some amazing ayats of Quran in which our Lord describes the qualities of the people whom He will bring forth to restore this affair when others fall short in the task and are found wanting. All of these qualities are extremely important and a couple of them exceedingly apt in the context of what we heard from our Amir. Allah says in Surat al-Ma’ida,
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا مَنْ يَرْتَدَّ مِنْكُمْ عَنْ دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَخَافُونَ لَوْمَةَ لَائِمٍ
the translation of which is, “You who believe! if any of you renounce your deen, Allah will bring forward a people whom He loves and who love Him, humble to the believers, fierce to the unbelievers, who do jihad in the Way of Allah and do not fear the blame of any censurer. That is the unbounded favour of Allah which He gives to whoever He wills. Allah is Boundless, All-Knowing.” “O you who believe.” This ayat is addressed to us, to the believers, those who have iman in Allah and His Messenger. It is a warning and a wake-up call, and is a proof that belief alone is not enough, it must be accompanied by deen, by action, by the ongoing transaction with our Lord and the rest of creation. If we want to be Muslims worthy of the name, and be the people whom our Lord is with, then the belief that we profess to have must manifest itself in our day-to-day actions. Otherwise, we will be set aside for another. Allah says in another ayat,
هَاأَنْتُمْ هَؤُلَاءِ تُدْعَوْنَ لِتُنْفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَمِنْكُمْ مَنْ يَبْخَلُ وَمَنْ يَبْخَلْ فَإِنَّمَا يَبْخَلُ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ وَاللَّهُ الْغَنِيُّ وَأَنْتُمُ الْفُقَرَاءُ وَإِنْ تَتَوَلَّوْا يَسْتَبْدِلْ قَوْمًا غَيْرَكُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُونُوا أَمْثَالَكُمْ
the translation of which is, “Here you are then: people who are called upon to spend in the Way of Allah and then some of you are tight-fisted! But whoever is tight-fisted is only tight-fisted to himself. Allah is Rich and you are poor. If you turn away, He will replace you with a people other than yourselves and they will not be like you.” They will not have the same defects, the same tight-fistedness. They will be generous to themselves in making sure that all of their limbs and organs and not just their hearts benefit from their belief in Allah, and they will generous to others in making sure that they spend of their wealth, time and energy in the Way of Allah. They will be Muslim in the fullest sense of the word. It is not a matter of race or privilege, it is a matter of sincerity and action. No people have exclusive rights to this deen. When the Messenger of Allah recited these ayats, the Companions were taken aback and asked, “With whom will we be replaced?” The Messenger of Allah replied by placing his hand on the shoulder of Salman al-Farisi and saying,
هذا وقومه هذا وقومه
“By this man and his people. By this man and his people.“ And, indeed, it was thus. When the Arabs became lax, the Persians took up the torch, and when they too became lax, they too were replaced. And the same will apply to us. This deen will be carried forward, this deen will be preserved and will be restored to the fullness of its glory and majesty. And if we do not step up to the plate, we will be replaced. And I do not mean ‘we’ in an abstract usage of the word. By ‘we’, I mean every one of us. You, me, every one in the mosque and in this city. This ayat is addressed to each and every one of us. This task is ours, yours and mine, not someone else’s. Let us never be people who take our iman for granted.
“man yartadid minkum ‘an deenihi – if any of you renounce your deen”. As Shaykh Mourtada reminded us, there are different levels of renouncing the deen. To renounce the deen does not simply mean to say that you are no longer Muslim, it is enough to renounce a part of it, as certain tribes of the Arabs did when they refused to pay zakat to Sayyidina Abu Bakr. Those wars were known as the Ridda wars, despite the fact that they many of those tribes still called themselves Muslim. But they considered a part of the deen to no longer apply to them or to the Muslims of their age, a road taken before them by the Jews and the Christians. Allah says,
أَفَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِبَعْضِ الْكِتَابِ وَتَكْفُرُونَ بِبَعْضٍ فَمَا جَزَاءُ مَنْ يَفْعَلُ ذَلِكَ مِنْكُمْ إِلَّا خِزْيٌ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يُرَدُّونَ إِلَى أَشَدِّ الْعَذَابِ
the translation of which is, “Do you believe in part of the Book and reject part of the Book. What recompense awaits those of you who do that except humiliation in this world. Then on the Day of Qiyama they will be brought back to the harshest of punishments.” The deen is not a pick-and-mix stall where we take just the bits that suit us and leave the rest, the deen is the full teaching, as exemplified by al-Madina, the place of the deen, the deen is complete submission, the implementation and preservation of the Commands of Allah and the Sunna of His Messenger in whatever form that takes.
Do not listen to those who say this or that aspect of the deen is incompatible with the present age, who say that the deen must be re-formed and its laws and regulations re-examined in the light of the values and norms of the modern day. Do not listen to those who say it is out-of-date and must adapt, who say that some of its laws are no longer applicable and have been abrogated – not by other Divinely ordained laws and rulings – but by recent advances and progress in the field of human rights. Those who call on us to assimilate fully into societies who they say have values that are completely compatible with our own. The differences are only superficial, they say, at our core we are like them and they are like us, we just pray a bit differently.
This is completely false as Allah makes clear in the ayat we quoted, thumma laa yakunu amthaalakum – they are nothing like you. If fellow believers are nothing like other fellow believers who fall short then the Muslim and the unbeliever will never be the same, and there is no similarity. It is a matter of two completely different millas, millat al-Islam and millat al-Kufr. They are polar opposites and the twain shall never meet. There is no form of Islam that can ever be compatible with kufr, and the more we try and make it so, the more humiliated and despised we become. For all the efforts of the modernists, and all the compromises that they have made, the Muslims are more vilified today than at any time in their history. For every compromise they make, a new one is required of them, and then another and another until nothing is left. Allah says,
وَلَنْ تَرْضَى عَنْكَ الْيَهُودُ وَلَا النَّصَارَى حَتَّى تَتَّبِعَ مِلَّتَهُمْ
the translation of which is, “The Jews and the Christians will never be content with you until you follow their milla.” If even the slightest aspect of millat al-Islam is left, they will call for its removal. And we will no longer have the strength to resist them, having already compromised all our will away. And we will have replaced our milla with theirs, our deen with theirs, And Allah will bring forth another people. This is the inevitable consequence of compromising on the deen and trying too hard to fit in.
So what qualities will protect us? What qualities will ensure that we are that people whom Allah loves and to whom He will offer His support when others fall short? The first is love of Allah, and that means that we jealously safeguard His deen, that we are protective of it in all its aspects and hate to see any part of it disregarded. Right action fills us with joy and wrong action grieves us. We may do wrong but we never revere it and never rejoice in it. We are repentant and oft-returning to our Lord. Love of Allah is best described in a hadith mentioned by Moulay Idris Fassi Fihri in his khutba last month. The Messenger of Allah said,
ثلاث من كن فيه وجد حلاوة الإيمان أن يكون الله ورسوله أحب إليه مما سواهما وأن يحب المرء لا يحبه إلا لله وأن يكره أن يعود في الكفر كما يكره أن يقذف في النار.
“If a person possesses three qualities, he will experience the sweetness of iman: That he loves Allah and His Messenger more than anything else, that he loves people only for the sake of Allah, and that he hates to go back to kufr as much as he would hate being thrown into the Fire.” The latter two qualities are the consequences of the first, and if they are not present then you have not truly loved Allah. Similarly, you have not truly loved Allah until you have loved with His love, until you given priority to His beloved over all other loves, until you have put the Messenger of Allah first and followed his Sunna. Allah says, addressing His Messenger,
قُلِ اِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي
the translation of which is, “Say, if you love Allah then follow me.” Following the Sunna is the inevitable consequence of loving Allah. Any who claim that love without following it are speaking falsely and deceive none as much as themselves. The Sunna is the life-raft in these troubling times, it is only with that Sunna that we will be able to ride out these storms. We ask Allah to increase in knowledge of the Sunna and love of it and give us the strength and capacity to put it fully into practice, its ‘ibadat and mu’amalat, and bring it back to life.
أَقُولُ قَوْلِي هَذَا وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الْعَظِيمَ لِي وَلَكُمْ وَلِسَائِرِ المُسْلِمِينَ مِنْ كُلِّ ذَنْبٍ فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ إِنَّهُ هُوَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ.
الحمد لله الحمد لله رب العالمين، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله، صلى الله وسلم وبارك عليه وعلى آله وصحبه، والتابعين وتابعي التابعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.
أما بعد! فيأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله ما استطعتم واسمعوا وأطيعوا وأنفقوا خيرا لأنفسكم. يا عباد الله أوصيكم وإياي بتقوى الله وطاعته وأحذركم وإياي عن معصيته ومخالفته. قال الله تعالى في كتابه الكريم مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ
Allah says, the translation of which is, “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are fierce to the unbelievers, merciful to one another.” The second characteristic these renewers of the deen must have is that they must be gentle with believers, merciful and compassionate towards them. They must have true brotherhood, as alluded to by Hajj Rhomeez in his talk. We must have patience with our brothers and be forgiving. If we find them down, we lift them up, if we find them engaged in wrong, we remind them of what is right, but with gentle admonition in a way that does not shame them or belittle them. We are humble towards them, adhilat ala-muminin, we do not humiliate them. We do not bad mouth them, we do not expose their faults to the world or complain of them to others, no matter how valid that complaint. As Ibn Abbas said, we must be with them as a parent is with his child. That same level of love, concern and compassion must be shown. Spare your brothers your moods and your frowns, and do not make them the objects of your anger and your harsh words. Ibn Kathir mentions that one of the qualities of the Messenger of Allah was that he was dahuuk qattaal, laughing, smiling and jovial with his fellow Muslims, but fierce and aggressive against the enemies of Allah, and fighting them.
And this is equally important. We cannot take disobedience to our Lord lightly. Hearts that are rightly guided cannot bear to be witness to what is displeasing to Allah. Allah says,
وَكَرَّهَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكُفْرَ وَالْفُسُوقَ وَالْعِصْيَانَ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الرَّاشِدُونَ
the translation of which is, “[Allah] has made kufr, deviance and disobedience hateful to you. People such as these are rightly guided.” Harshness is part of the make-up of the human being, it is not all sweetness and smiles, but this quality must be reserved for kufr and the kuffar. There can be no compromise when it comes to the outright rejection of Allah, and no acceptance of any of their practices. We cannot stand there and smile and ingratiate ourselves with people who openly disobey Allah as if that is nothing. Allah says,
وَلَا يَرْضَى لِعِبَادِهِ الْكُفْرَ
the translation of which is, “He is not pleased with kufr in His slaves.” We cannot act as if kufr is nothing, as if it does not matter. We must speak out against such practices and make it clear in no uncertain terms to those who engage in them that we cannot abide their company until they cease and desist. It is important that we hate what Allah hates and feel angry about those things that make Allah angry. That is the only way to preserve our deen. But know that it is their kufr that should be the cause of your ire, not them as people. The Messenger of Allah treated those non-Muslim delegations who came to him with great respect and afforded them every honour, it was only their outward displays of kufr and disobedience to Allah that he could not condone. And it was that which caused him to wage war against him in the Way of Allah, the next quality that is mentioned in the ayat for the people whom Allah loves.
The final characteristic Allah mentions in the ayaa is that they do not fear the blame of any blamer, the criticism of any one who criticises. The quality of the people of Allah is that they have integrity. They do not care what people think of them or say of them so long as they are doing what their Lord has commanded. They do not compromise their principles for anyone or anything. No amount of dunya will sway them. They do not sell their deen for a paltry price nor kowtow to the rich, powerful or famous. They do not fret and worry about how others will perceive them if they continue along a particular course of action, they only worry about whether it is acceptable to Allah. What others say about them is immaterial – they are not here to please them, they are here to please Allah. We cannot leave aside some necessary obligatory aspect of the deen because it will lead to negative PR. The only lawm, the only displeasure that we should be worried about is that of Allah.
The second thing that this aya shows us is that following the path of Allah will inevitably lead to people blaming you and speaking out against you, will inevitably make you enemies. We are not here to please everyone. If someone has no enemies and everyone universally praises him and has nothing bad to say of him, even the enemies of Allah, then that is an indication that the path he has taken is not the right one, that there is something missing. And that is especially true in a time such as today, when those who reject Allah far outnumber those who accept Him, and control most of the channels of media. If you see so-called Muslim scholars being lauded by the enemies of Allah, or given a free pass, then be wary of them. A man is judged by his enemies, just as he is judged by his friends and companions. The Quraysh used to go amongst all those who came to Makka, warning them against the Prophet and criticising him and insulting him in every way that they could. As I mentioned before, the true deen of Allah will never find acceptance with the unbelievers, and those who call to it will never be left uncriticised. Use your discrimination and do not be deceived.
We ask Allah to make us those people whom He loves and who love Him, who are gentle with the believers and hard towards the unbelievers, and who do not fear any criticism. We ask Him to enable us to put the Sunna of His Messenger into practice, and do what needs to be done in this age. We ask Him for victory and His continued support, to us and to all those Muslims who are struggled and fighting in His way in these difficult times.
إِنَّ اللهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ، يَا أَيُهَا الذِينَ آمَنُواْ صَلُّواْ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسْلِيماً.
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ. وَارْضَ اللَّهُمَّ عَنِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ، وعن أم المومنين عائشة التي أمرنا الله في سورة النور أن ندافع عنها، وَعَنْ سَائِرِ الصَّحَابَةِ أَجْمَعِينَ، خُصُوصاً اِلأَنْصَارَ مِنْهُمْ وَالمُهَاجِرِينَ، وَعَنِ التَّابِعِينَ وَتَابِعِي التَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِ وُلَاةَ أُمُورِ المُسْلِمِينَ لِمَا يُرْضِيكَ وَلِاتِّبَاعِ سُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَهُمْ عَلَى الصِّرَاطِ المُسْتَقِيمِ، وَأَصْلِحْهُمْ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى شَيْخِنَا، وَعَلَى أَمِيرِنَا، وَعَلَى جَمِيعِ أُمَرَاءِ وَزُعَمَاءِ المُسْلِمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى المُسْلِمِينَ فِي هَذِهِ المَدِينَةِ، وَوَفِّقْهُمْ لِمَا تُحِبُّهُ وَتَرْضَاهُ يَا أَكْرَمَ الأَكْرَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ أَعِزَّ الإِسْلَامَ وَالمُسِْلمِينَ، وَاخْذُلِ الْكُفْرَ وَالْكَافِرِينَ، وَانْصُرِ المُجَاهِدِينَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ. وَاجْعَلْ كَلِمََتَكَ هِيَ العُلْيَا وَكَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ هِيَ السُّفْلَى.
رَبَّنَا ءَاتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقَِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ.
إِنَّ اللهَ يَامُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى، وَيَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ، يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَّكَّرُونَ، وَلَذِكْرُ اللهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ. وَقُومُواْ إِلَى صَلاتِكُمْ يَرْحَمُكُمُ اللهُ.