الحمد لله، الحمد لله القوي العزيز، الذي ينصر لعباده المسلمين في الوقت والمكان الذي هو يريد، نحمده تعالى ونستعينه، ونشكره تعالى ونستغفره ونستغيثه، نعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهد الله فهو المهتد ومن يضلل فلن تجد له وليا مرشدا، ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك و له الحمد، يحيي ويميت، بيده الخير، وهو على كل شيء قدير، ونشهد أن سيدنا و مولانا محمداً عبده ورسوله، وحبيبه وصفيه، بلغ الرسالة وأدى الأمانة ونصح الأمة، النبي الأمي الذي أرسله الله بالهدى والدين الحق، بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة، صلى الله عليه وسلم وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.
أما بعد! فيا عباد الله اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون. يأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم. ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما. اتقوا الله فيما أمر وانتهوا عما نها عنه وزجر.
This month is a month replete with special qualities, from the Shayatin being locked up to the door to the Book of Allah being opened wider than at any other time. It is a time for inner triumph, but it is also a time for outer triumph. For it is the month of nasr and futuhat, the month of victory and conquest. The month in which our Lord’s Help and Aid has been most forthcoming, enabling His deen to survive and flourish. This nasr was not limited to the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah, but has continued to be evident event after his death. It is ongoing and will never cease being given to those who seek it. There are many historical examples of this great gift from our Lord, one of the most notable being the conquest of Makka, about which Allah says,
إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللهِ والْفَتْحُ
the translation of which is, “When the Help of Allah came and the victory.” Others included the routing of the Persians at al-Qaadisiyya, the conquest of al-Andalus by only 1700 men, fighting against armies of 70,000, and the defeat of the seemingly unstoppable Mongol forces at Ain Jalut. All these battles took place in this, the month of Ramadan, and all of them represented extraordinary openings for the Muslims, often pulling them right back from the brink of disaster and complete destruction. The most important example of this took place on the 17th of Ramadan, in the third year of the Hijra, the anniversary of which took place yesterday. At the time, the Muslim polity in Madina was still newly-established and finding its feet. If they were to have lost this battle, there was a very real chance that that would have brought a complete and abrupt end to the deen. The Prophet recognised this when he said in his dua immediately before the battle,
اللهُمَّ آتِنَا مَا وَعَدتَّنَا اللهُمَّ إِن تُهْلِكَ هَذِهِ الْعِصَابَةَ مِن أَهْلِ الإِسْلَامِ لَا تُعْبَدَ فِي الْأَرْضِ
“Lord, fulfil for me what you promised! O Allah, if You destroy this group of the people of Islam, You will not be worshipped in the earth”
So, it was a real watershed moment, one of the most decisive and important moments in the history of the human being, an amazing thing to say when you consider how few the number of people involved.
The story of the Badr begins with a caravan. The Prophet had heard that Abu Sufyan, one of the leaders of Quraysh, was bringing a heavily-laden caravan back from Syria and was due to pass fairly close to Madina on its return journey, so he encouraged the Muslims to go out and capture it. And because of the great urgency required in intercepting it, he went swiftly, not allowing much time for preparation. So, only those Muslims who were ready and eager accompanied him on the expedition. But Abu Sufyan had spies among the hypocrites and they sent word to him of the Prophet’s plans, prompting Abu Sufyan to send word to Quraysh to send out an army to protect their wealth and assets. So Quraysh sent out a well-equipped force of about 1000 men, containing many of their best warriors. This army of theirs had, in addition to their infantry, more than 200 war-horses and thousands of camels. As for the Muslims, they had gone in the expectation of ambushing a lightly-guarded caravan, and so had not equipped themselves for war. According to some accounts they had only two horses and seventy camels, and most of their men had not even brought their swords. One account says they only had eight swords!
So, when the Prophet heard that the caravan had evaded them and an army was waiting in its stead, he gathered the people to find out if they were with him and were ready to fight. And to a man, they were. They trusted in Allah and trusted in His Messenger and knew that only good could come from being with them. One of the leading men of the Ansar, Saad ibn Muadh, said,
إنا قد آمنا بك واتبعناك فامض لما أمرك الله، فوالذي بعثك بالحق لو استعرضت بنا هذا البحر فخضته لخضناه معك
“We have believed in you and followed you, so go ahead and do what Allah has commanded you to do. By the One Who sent you with the truth, if you were to ask us to cross this sea and you plunged into it, we would plunge into it with you.”
And another, Miqdad ibn al-Aswad said,
والله لا نقول لك كما قالت بنو إسرائيل: فَاذْهَبَ اَنتَ وَرَبُّكَ فَقَاتِلَا إِنَّا هَهُنَا قَاعِدُونَ، ولكن: اذهب انت وربك فقاتلا إننا معكما مقاتلون
“By Allah, we will not say to you as the Banu Israel said to Musa, ‘Go, you and your Lord, and fight while we stay here.’ But rather, we say, ‘Go, you and your Lord, and fight and we will be there fighting by your side.’” The Prophet rejoiced in the wholehearted support of His Companions, and informed them that Allah had promised them one of the two parties, either the caravan or victory over the army. Allah says,
وَإِذْ يَعِدُكُمُ اللهُ إِحْدَى الطَّائِفَتَيْنِ أَنَّهَا لَكُمْ
the translation of which is, “When Allah promised you that one of the two parties would be yours.” And by Allah’s great wisdom, it was the army that was granted them, a blow from which Quraysh were never to recover. Allah says in Surat al-Anfal,
وَيُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُحِقَّ الْحَقَّ بِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَيَقْطَعَ دَابِرَ الْكَافِرِينَ لِيُحِقَّ الْحَقَّ وَيُبْطِلَ الْبَاطِلَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُجْرِمُونَ
the translation of which is, “Allah desired to verify the Truth by His words and to cut off the last remnant of the unbelievers. This was so that He might verify the Truth and nullify the false, even though the evildoers hate that.” By this battle, the last remnant of Quraysh was cut off. Despite, there being further battles with Quraysh, the outcome of the war had already been decided in this first battle, and their eventual total capitulation guaranteed, which fittingly happened in the month of Ramadan some seven years later. For once Allah has willed something, it comes to be.
How were the Muslims able to achieve victory against such overwhelming odds? It was not because they were superior fighters, nor because they were stronger or healthier. On the contrary, most of them can been fasting and had been physically weakened as a result. No, they achieved victory because they were with Allah and His Messenger and believed in Him with ever fibre of their being. It is only such people who are worthy of the help of Allah. Allah says,
وَكَانَ حَقًّا عَلَيْنَا نَصْرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
the translation of which is, “It is Our duty to help the believers/ the people of iman”. No one else merits that Aid, only those who believe in Allah and His Messenger and place their reliance on Him alone. They did not put their trust in people or materials, so their lack made little difference. Allah says,
الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ فَانْقَلَبُوا بِنِعْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَفَضْلٍ لَمْ يَمْسَسْهُمْ سُوءٌ وَاتَّبَعُوا رِضْوَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَظِيمٍ
the translation of which is, “They are those to whom people said, ‘The people have gathered against you so fear them.’ But that merely increased their iman and they said, ‘Allah is enough for us and the Best of Guardians.’ So they returned with blessings and bounty from Allah and no evil touched them. They pursued the pleasure of Allah. Allah’s favour is indeed immense.”
There was nothing to fear from the people because the only people that mattered were those in whose company they stood, in whose ranks they marched, the jamaa’a. Their fellow Muslims between whom Allah had created a bond so strong that none but Him could tear it asunder. They acted as one, their concern for their brother as strong, if not stronger than their concern for themselves. When the mortally wounded of the Muslims were laid down beside each other after the battle, one of them was brought some water. But despite every pore of his body crying out for that water, his concern for his brothers was still greater and so he told him to take the water to the next man. And the watercarrier kept on being sent from one man to the next until eventually one who was only semi-conscious drank and those to whom he had first come died. They were a single body led by a single leader, obedient to Allah and His Messenger and so the hand of Allah was with them.
يَدُ اللهِ مع الجماعة
“The hand of Allah is with the group.” This is an important lesson – the one who acts alone will not have success, only those who act together and help one another to birr and taqwa.
These men had nothing to fear from people because whatever fear they had was directed towards Allah. And the hearts of those who tremble at the mention of Allah remain brave and steadfast when confronted by Allah’s creation.
أقول قولي هذا وأستغفر الله لي ولكم ولسائر المسلمين من كل ذنب فاستغفروه إنه هو الغفور الرَّحيم.
الحمد لله الحمد لله رب العالمين، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله، صلى الله وسلم وبارك عليه وعلى آله وصحبه، والتابعين وتابعي التابعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.
أما بعد! فيأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله ما استطعتم واسمعوا وأطيعوا وأنفقوا خيرا لأنفسكم. يا عباد الله أوصيكم وإياي بتقوى الله وطاعته وأحذركم وإياي عن معصيته ومخالفته.
The form in which the Help of Allah comes varies, but it is always in the manner that is of most benefit to the Muslims. At the battle of Badr, it came in a number of forms. These are laid out in the Book of Allah, principally in two suras, Surat Ali Imran and Surat al-Anfal.
Firstly, He sent down His angels to reinforce the ranks of the believers. Allah says,
وَلَقَدْ نَصَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ بِبَدْرٍ وَأَنْتُمْ أَذِلَّةٌ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ إِذْ تَقُولُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَلَنْ يَكْفِيَكُمْ أَنْ يُمِدَّكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ بِثَلَاثَةِ آَلَافٍ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ مُنْزَلِينَ بَلَى إِنْ تَصْبِرُوا وَتَتَّقُوا وَيَأْتُوكُمْ مِنْ فَوْرِهِمْ هَذَا يُمْدِدْكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ بِخَمْسَةِ آَلَافٍ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ مُسَوِّمِينَ
the translation of which is, “Allah helped you at Badr when you were weak so have taqwa of Allah, so that hopefully you will be thankful. And when you said to the believers, ‘Is it not enough for you that your Lord reinforced you with three thousand angels, sent down?’ Yes indeed! But if you are steadfast and have taqwa and they come upon you suddenly, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand angels, clearly identified.”
Secondly, he made sure they were able to come into the battle fully rested, while their enemies had a restless night. Allah says,
إِذْ يُغَشِّيكُمُ النُّعَاسَ أَمَنَةً مِنْهُ
the translation of which is, “When he overcame you with sleep, a security from him.” Thirdly, he made the hearts of the believers firm and unwavering, and gave them unparalled courage and confidence. Allah says,
وَلِيَرْبِطَ عَلَى قُلُوبِكُمْ
the translation of which is, “And He fortified your hearts.”
Fourthly, he made the ground beneath their feet firm and the ground between the feet of their enemies soft and loose, so that the Muslims were able to keep their footing when the fighting started while the enemy were not. This nullified their cavalry completely. Allah says,
وَيُثَبِّتَ بِهِ الْأَقْدَامَ
the translation of which is, “And He made your feet firm.”
And fifthly he placed terror in the hearts of their enemies, so they were unable to fight with their usual fervour. Allah says,
سَأُلْقِي فِي قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الرُّعْبَ
the translation of which is, “I will cast terror into the hearts of those who are kafir.” All of these things came directly from Allah. The Help was tangible and practical, being clearly apparent to those involved. They were able to see firsthand that victory and success are down to Allah alone. No creation, not even the greatest, has any control over what happens, over the outcome of any event. Allah makes this clear in the Quran, addressing His Prophet,
لَيْسَ لَكَ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ شَيْءٌ
the translation of which is, “You have no part in the affair.” As soon as we start thinking that we have some part in the affair, that we are masters of our own destiny and that victory or defeat is down to us, and contingent upon our efforts and our skills, that is when we fail. The Muslims’ power has always lain in their realisation of their powerlessness and their utter submission and turning to the One to whom power belongs. Our success or lack of it has always been down to our ability to distinguish truth from falsehood. We must follow that truth no matter how impossible, no more how alien and distant, it appears. And today, it does indeed appear distant and does indeed appear unattainable. Such is the way of the societies in which we have come to live. For modern secular society is built on a lie and sustained by falsehood. The parallels with the society of Pharaoh, repeatedly referred to throughout the Quran, are uncanny and indisputable. Like Pharaoh, modern-day governments believe themselves to be the sole legislators and makers of laws, and like pharaoh they have their magicians to keep the populace docile and in thrall, and keep them believing the illusions that are placed before them have substance and reality. Indeed so deceived and bewitched are they, that they spend every waking moment of their lives chasing that illusion, chasing phantom money that exists only as numbers on a screen and whose only real purpose is to siphon off any real wealth that people might possess and place it in the hands of the few, the true robber-barons of the present age.
But we, the believers, we have the staff of Musa, the guidance and example of our Messenger, the way he went about his life and conducted his affairs and transactions, to expose the scam for what it is and to reveal its falseness. We have the truth, and when that truth comes, it sweeps aside all falsehood in its path. Allah says,
جَاءَ الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَاطِلُ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا
the translation of which is, “’Truth has come and falsehood has vanished. Falsehood is always bound to vanish.” The jihad of our day, the fight that we must engage in in our present circumstances, is the war against riba/usury, for riba is something upon which Allah and His Messenger have declared war. We must stand on the side of those fighting against it, not blithely engaging in its use in our day-to-day affairs and thus opening us up to be fought against. The arena for this war is not the battlefields, for the conditions of fighting war are not met at the current time – we lack leadership and we are not adequately equipped to fight, and those who are not equipped do not go out to fight.
No the arena for our jihad is the financial one – we must re-establish halal trade, correct transaction and real, usury-free currency. That is weapon that will sweep the debt-based fantasy that it is the modern-world economy. If we form into groups, and go forth, trusting in Allah and placing our obedience fully in His Messenger, then, we, just like the people of Badr, will be granted success. For whenever you go to help Allah and His deen, He will help you.
وَلَيَنْصُرَنَّ اللَّهُ مَنْ يَنْصُرُهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَقَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ
the translation of which is, “Allah will certainly help those who help Him. Allah is All-Strong, Almighty.”
And victory from Him will be near. Almost before you know it, we will have success. We ask Allah to give us a success like He gave the people of Badr. We ask Him to place us among that small party of Muslims who go forth at critical junctures in the history of the Umma of His Prophet and restore the glory to His deen. We ask that He make our hearts firm and place fear in the hearts of our enemy. And make the ground under our feet solid and that under our enemies crumble and break away. We ask for success in all our endeavours, and a rekindling of that brotherhood and preference that made the bonds between the Muslims unbreakable and make the unbelievers despair of ever prevailing against us.
إِنَّ اللهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ، يَا أَيُهَا الذِينَ آمَنُواْ صَلُّواْ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسْلِيماً.
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ. وَارْضَ اللَّهُمَّ عَنِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ، وعن أم المومنين عائشة التي أمرنا الله في سورة النور أن ندافع عنها، وَعَنْ سَائِرِ الصَّحَابَةِ أَجْمَعِينَ، خُصُوصاً اِلأَنْصَارَ مِنْهُمْ وَالمُهَاجِرِينَ، وَعَنِ التَّابِعِينَ وَتَابِعِي التَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِ وُلَاةَ أُمُورِ المُسْلِمِينَ لِمَا يُرْضِيكَ وَلِاتِّبَاعِ سُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَهُمْ عَلَى الصِّرَاطِ المُسْتَقِيمِ، وَأَصْلِحْهُمْ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى شَيْخِنَا، وَعَلَى أَمِيرِنَا، وَعَلَى جَمِيعِ أُمَرَاءِ وَزُعَمَاءِ المُسْلِمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى المُسْلِمِينَ فِي هَذِهِ المَدِينَةِ، وَوَفِّقْهُمْ لِمَا تُحِبُّهُ وَتَرْضَاهُ يَا أَكْرَمَ الأَكْرَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ أَعِزَّ الإِسْلَامَ وَالمُسِْلمِينَ، وَاخْذُلِ الْكُفْرَ وَالْكَافِرِينَ، وَانْصُرِ المُجَاهِدِينَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ. وَاجْعَلْ كَلِمََتَكَ هِيَ العُلْيَا وَكَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ هِيَ السُّفْلَى.
رَبَّنَا ءَاتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقَِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ.
إِنَّ اللهَ يَامُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى، وَيَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ، يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَّكَّرُونَ، وَلَذِكْرُ اللهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ. وَقُومُواْ إِلَى صَلاتِكُمْ يَرْحَمُكُمُ اللهُ.