الحمد لله، الحمد لله الذي قسم الأوقات والأزمنة والآوان، وفضل يوم الجمعة على بقية الأيام، نحمده تعالى ونستعينه، ونشكره تعالى ونستغفره ونستغيثه، نعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهد الله فهو المهتد ومن يضلل فلن تجد له وليا مرشدا، ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك و له الحمد، يحيي ويميت، بيده الخير، وهو على كل شيء قدير، ونشهد أن سيدنا و مولانا محمداً عبده ورسوله، وحبيبه وصفيه، بلغ الرسالة وأدٌى الأمانة ونصح الأمة، النبي الأمي الذي أرسله الله بالهدى والدين الحق، بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة، صلى الله عليه وسلم وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.
أما بعد! فيا عباد الله اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون. يأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم. ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما. اتقوا الله فيما أمر وانتهوا عما نها عنه وزجر.

Today, the day of Jumua, is a wondrous day, a special day, a blessed day in the eyes of Allah. There is no other day like it during the week. It is, as the Messenger of Allah said,

إن يوم الجمعة سيد الأيام وأعظمها عند الله

“The day of Jumu‘a is the lord of days and the greatest of them in the eyes of Allah.” It is one of the days He has made an Eid, a day when we rejoice in and acknowledge His ni‘am to mankind. It is an inestimable gift to the believers, but it can be easy to forget this. As is often the case with gifts, no matter how valuable, when they are received frequently and on a regular basis, they can be taken for granted. And we can start to view it as just another day, and treat it as just another day. But it is not just another day, and it deserves so much more courtesy, respect and appreciation from us. It is the day when the first of our race was created, the first of our race was admitted to the Garden and the first of our race set foot on this planet. It is the day when our Lord bestows extra honour on the inhabitants of the Garden and allows them to look upon His face. It is the day when many wrong actions are forgiven and wiped away. It is a day when our Lord singles out the umma of His most beloved Messenger for favour. The Messenger of Allah said,

ما طلعت الشمس ولا غربت على يوم خير من يوم الجمعة هدانا الله له وضل الناس عنه

“The sun has neither risen nor set on a day better than the day of Jumua. Allah guided us to it and led all previous peoples astray from it.” Allah honours us by means of this day, so let us honour it and give it its due.
The entire day, from Maghrib until Maghrib, is special, but without a doubt the most significant and important part of the day is that portion which contains the Jumua prayer. This gathering in the mosque, this combination of time and place, is unmatched in creation. This is the focus of this tremendous day. We are honoured to be able to gather in this way, honoured to be invited to this assembly before our Lord. And make no mistake, it is by His invitation that we come. This is His House and it is into His audience that we come. The court of the king. And what do you do when you are invited to the palace to an audience with the king? Indeed, what do you do when you are invited to any formal occasion, any banquet, any graduation, any wedding. You go that extra mile and make that extra effort. You clean and groom yourself, you are extra conscious of the way you smell, you dress in your finest clothes, you arrive in plenty of time, you make that occasion the total focus of your day. And the same should be true for Jumua but to the nth degree. This is the requirement of courtesy and respect, to the place, to the time and to the occasion, but if that is not enough for you, then know that every part of what I have mentioned is also a confirmed Sunna of our beloved Messenger. And not only are they courtesies, but they are things our Lord rewards us for in their own right. Let us go through them, one by one.
Firstly, getting clean, taking a ghusl. The ghusl for the Jumua is an emphasised sunna and it should be done immediately before setting out for the prayer. The Prophet said,

اغتسلوا يوم الجمعة فإن من اغتسل يوم الجمعة فله كفارة ما بين الجمعة إلى الجمعة وزيادة ثلاثة أيام

“Do ghusl on the day of Jumu‘a, for anyone who does ghusl on the day of Jumu‘a will have all the wrong actions he has committed from one Jumu‘a to the next forgiven, as well as those for a further three days.”
Secondly, bodily grooming. Making your body presentable, and included in this is the removal of bad smells and the use of perfume.The Prophet said,

خمسة من الفطرة: قص الشارب وتقليم الأظفار وحلق العانة ونتف الإبط والسواك

“There are five things which are from the Fitra: Trimming the moustache, cutting the nails, shaving your pubic hair, removing your underarm hair and using the siwak.”
Thirdly, dressing up. If there is any occasion in the week for which you dress up, it is the Jumua. Allah says,
يا بني آدم خذوا زينتكم عند كل مسجد

the translation of which is, “Children of Adam, wear fine clothing to every mosque.” And the Messenger of Allah said,

‏من اغتسل يوم الجمعة ثم مس من أطيب طيبه ولبس من أحسن ثيابه ثم راح ولم يفرق بين اثنين حتى يقوم من مقامه ثم أنصت حتى يفرغ الإمام من خطبته غفر له ما بين الجمعتين وزيادة ثلاثة أيام‏

“If anyone does ghusl on the day of Jumua then puts on his best perfume and dons his best clothes, then goes to the mosque and does not cause any two [of his brothers] to separate while getting to his spot in the mosque, and then listens attentively until the Imam has finished his khutba, then that person will have all the wrong actions he has committed from one Jumu‘a to the next forgiven, as well as those for a further three days.” And it is narrated from Aisha that the Messenger of Allah used to have,

ثوبان يلبسهما في جمعته فإذا انصرف طويناهما إلى مثله

“Two garments that he used to only wear to the Jumua, and when he finished,” Aisha said, “We would fold them away until the next Jumua.”
And fourthly, arriving at the mosque with plenty of time to spare. The Prophet said,

مَن اغْتَسَلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ غُسْلَ الْجَنَابَةِ ثُمَّ رَاحَ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَدَنَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَقَرَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ كَبْشًا أَقْرَنَ وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ دَجَاجَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الْخَامِسَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَيْضَةً فَإِذَا خَرَجَ الْإِمَامُ حَضَرَت الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الذِّكْرَ

“Anyone who does ghusl on the day of Jumu‘a in the same manner as he does it for janaba, and then goes in the first part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a camel. If he goes in the second part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a cow. If he goes in the third part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a horned ram. If he goes in the fourth part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a hen. If he goes in the fifth part of the time, it is as if he has offered an egg. When the Imam comes out, the angels settle down to listen to the reminder.”
Every Muslim should prepare for the Jumua in this way. Even if he comes directly from work, he should take a change of clothing with him. Once you have completed these preparations, you should know that the time of the Jumua can be divided into three, each with its own special quality and adab, pre-, during and post-. If you want to gain the full benefit of the Jumua, you should give each its due.
The time leading up to the Jumua is a time for worship, reflection and not distracting or disturbing the other people in the mosque who have come to partake of its secrets and benefits. This is the reason the Messenger of Allah nahaa ani-t-tahalluqi qabla-s-salaati yawma-l-jumua, forbade gathering for study in circles before the prayer on the day of jumua. This has been interpreted to mean all forms of lessons in the mosque in general at this time and that is why we avoid the practice of the pre-khutba talk.
Use these moments when the angels sit with pens in hand recording all your good deeds wisely. Arrive early and make your way as close to the front as you can, for the excellence of the front rows cannot be overstated. But make sure you do so without clambering over people or jostling them out of the way. Sa‘id ibn al-Musayyib, one of the great men of knowledge of Madina in the time of the Tabi‘in said: “I would prefer to drink a goblet of fire than to drink a glass of wine; I would prefer to drink a glass of wine than to miss the Jumu‘a; and I would prefer to miss the Jumu‘a than to step over the necks of the people in the mosque.”
Then, when you find space, pray two rak‘ats for greeting the mosque if the imam has not yet come out, and then sit down. But be sure to sit in a respectful manner, not leaning against a wall or pillar nor stretching your legs out towards the qibla unless you physically need to. And then use your time before the Imam comes out to recite Quran, remember Allah and engage in reflection. It is a time of great openings. We ask Allah to grant us all those openings and give us the keys to access the tremendous treasures and secrets He has stored away for us in those moments.

أقول قولي هذا وأستغفر الله لي ولكم ولسائر المسلمين من كل ذنب فاستغفروه إنه هو الغفور الرَّحيم.
الحمد لله الحمد لله رب العالمين، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله، صلى الله وسلم وبارك عليه وعلى آله وصحبه، والتابعين وتابعي التابعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.
أما بعد! فيأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله ما استطعتم واسمعوا وأطيعوا وأنفقوا خيرا لأنفسكم. يا عباد الله أوصيكم وإياي بتقوى الله وطاعته وأحذركم وإياي عن معصيته ومخالفته.

The second part of the time of Jumua is when the Imam has come into the mosque. This is a time when all actions, extraneous or supererogatory, cease, no matter how praiseworthy those actions are in their own right in the eyes of Allah. The only action that remains is to turn all your attention to the khateeb and listen to the reminder that he gives. As the Messenger of Allah said in the hadith I quoted in the first khutba,

فَإِذَا خَرَجَ الْإِمَامُ حَضَرَت الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الذِّكْرَ

“When the Imam comes out, the angels settle down to listen to the reminder.” Even the angels put aside what they are doing in order to listen to the reminder, and they are commanded to record our good actions. Thus, the only good actions that matters in these moments is attending the khutba. Everything else in laghw, without value and possibly detrimental. The Prophet said,

إِذَا قُلْتَ لِصَاحِبِكَ أَنْصِتْ وَالْإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَدْ لَغَوْتَ

“Even saying, ‘Be quiet!’ to your companion while the Imam is delivering the khutba on the day of Jumu‘a constitutes laghw/idle chatter.” In other words, doing something which is obligatory in the deen, commanding the right, is laghw, and if you engage in laghw in that moment, as the Prophet said,
ومن لغى فلا جمعة له

“Whoever engages in laghw (during the khutba), has no Jumu‘a.” In other words, your Jumu‘a will be worthless and any benefit he might have accrued from attending will have gone. Do not converse, do not greet people, do not even do the tahiyyatu-l-masjid. Instead, sit down and listen. The khutba takes the place of two rakats of the dhuhr prayer. You enter into its ihram from the moment the Imam comes out. Do not violate that ihram. There is no nafila when the obligatory has started. This is the position of the people of Madinah where 10,000 companions remained praying the Jumu‘a prayer in the Mosque of the Prophet. This is the position of Malik and his Companions.
The third part of the time is when the prayer has been concluded. Allah says,

فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَانْتَشِرُوا فِي الْأَرْض وابتغوا من فضل الله

the translation of which is, “Then when the prayer is finished spread through the earth and seek the bounty of Allah.” While the time leading up to the prayer is a time for you to gather with your Lord, and strengthen your ties with him directly, the time after is a time for you to focus on your worldly connections, and specifically your connections with people. You strengthen those connections and ties with your fellow believers. It was the Sunna of the Messenger of Allah to not do any supererogatory prayers in the mosque after the Jumua, he first left its confines. Abu Zayd al-Qayrawani says in his Risala,

وأحبُّ إلينا إن يتصرف بعد فراغه ولا يتنفل في المسجد

“We prefer that the imam leave after completing his jumua and not do supererogatory prayers in the mosque.” Instead, you should meet people, invite them to your homes and feed them. Eating together is one of the best ways of strengthening your bonds, and any act of generosity or hospitality done today is worth more than that on other days. The famous Tabi‘i, Ka‘b al-Ahbar, said,
الصدقة فيه أعظم من الصدقة في سائر الأيام

“Giving sadaqa on this day is better than giving sadaqa on other days.”And it is also a time for seeking the bounty of Allah – in other words, buying and selling. The prohibition against that finishes when the prayer finishes, and instead of being forbidden, it becomes encouraged. And that is why we hold our market here at this time outside the mosque.
As for those who insist on doing the nafila prayers after the Jumua, there are two things I would like to say to them, one to request and one to suggest.
Firstly, please do not pray at the back of the mosque or by the doors, but instead come to the front or to the far side. That way, you are not preventing people from leaving or forcing people to break your qibla as they try to find their way out.
Secondly, do not do those rakats immediately. Instead, first spend a bit of time meeting with people and greeting them. Otherwise, you may miss the opportunity as they may have already left by the time you have finished. This was the teaching of the Messenger of Allah. Muslim transmitted that Muawiya said,

إذا صَلَّيْتَ الْجُمُعَةَ فلا تَصِلْهَا بِصَلَاةٍ حتى تَكَلَّمَ أو تَخْرُجَ، فإن رَسُولَ الله أَمَرَنَا بِذَلِكَ: أَنْ لَا تُوصَلَ صَلَاةٌ بِصَلَاةٍ حتى نَتَكَلَّمَ أو نَخْرُجَ

“When you have prayed Jumua, do not join any prayers to it until you have first spoken or gone out [from the mosque]. This was what the Messenger of Allah instructed us, to not join a prayer to a prayer until we speak or go out.” We ask Allah to give us and the strength and the sincerity to make best use of this day and not waste any of its moments. And we ask Him to accept our Jumua and make it the means of joining the hearts of the Muslims in this great city and reuniting them once more in common purpose, so that they can act as one body and re-establish the deen in its fullness and entirety. We ask that He accept our duas and make them coincide with the sa’a al-istijaba, and give us true sincerity and unwavering intention.

إِنَّ اللهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ، يَا أَيُهَا الذِينَ آمَنُواْ صَلُّواْ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسْلِيماً.
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ. وَارْضَ اللَّهُمَّ عَنِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ، وعن أم المومنين عائشة التي أمرنا الله في سورة النور أن ندافع عنها، وَعَنْ سَائِرِ الصَّحَابَةِ أَجْمَعِينَ، خُصُوصاً اِلأَنْصَارَ مِنْهُمْ وَالمُهَاجِرِينَ، وَعَنِ التَّابِعِينَ وَتَابِعِي التَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِ وُلَاةَ أُمُورِ المُسْلِمِينَ لِمَا يُرْضِيكَ وَلِاتِّبَاعِ سُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَهُمْ عَلَى الصِّرَاطِ المُسْتَقِيمِ، وَأَصْلِحْهُمْ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى شَيْخِنَا، وَعَلَى أَمِيرِنَا، وَعَلَى جَمِيعِ أُمَرَاءِ وَزُعَمَاءِ المُسْلِمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى المُسْلِمِينَ فِي هَذِهِ المَدِينَةِ، وَوَفِّقْهُمْ لِمَا تُحِبُّهُ وَتَرْضَاهُ يَا أَكْرَمَ الأَكْرَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ أَعِزَّ الإِسْلَامَ وَالمُسِْلمِينَ، وَاخْذُلِ الْكُفْرَ وَالْكَافِرِينَ، وَانْصُرِ المُجَاهِدِينَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ. وَاجْعَلْ كَلِمََتَكَ هِيَ العُلْيَا وَكَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ هِيَ السُّفْلَى.
اللهم اسق عبادك وبهائمك، وانشر رحمتك وأحي بلدك الميت (3) اللهم اسقنا الغيث ولا تجعلنا من القانطين (3) اللهم اسقنا غيثاً مغيثاً مريئاً نافعاً غير ضار، عاجلاً غير آجل (1) اللهم أغثنا، اللهم أغثنا اللهم أغثنا
رَبَّنَا ءَاتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقَِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ.
إِنَّ اللهَ يَامُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى، وَيَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ، يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَّكَّرُونَ، وَلَذِكْرُ اللهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ. وَقُومُواْ إِلَى صَلاتِكُمْ يَرْحَمُكُمُ اللهُ.