الحمد لله، الحمد لله الذي جعل النجاحَ والتوفيقَ في طاعةِ الصادقِ الأمين، وجعل سنتَه وحياتَه تفسيرا وتوضيحا لكتابه الكريم، نحمده تعالى ونستعينه، ونشكره تعالى ونستغفره ونستغيثه، نعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهد الله فهو المهتد ومن يضلل فلن تجد له وليا مرشدا، ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك و له الحمد، يحيي ويميت، بيده الخير، وهو على كل شيء قدير، ونشهد أن سيدنا و مولانا محمداً عبده ورسوله، وحبيبه وصفيه، بلغ الرسالة وأدٌى الأمانة ونصح الأمة، النبي الأمي الذي أرسله الله بالهدى والدين الحق، بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة، صلى الله عليه وسلم وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.
أما بعد! فيا عباد الله اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون. يأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم. ومن يطع
الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما. اتقوا الله فيما أمر وانتهوا عما نها عنه وزجر.
In order to conclude our series series of khutbas dedicated to the special status of the Messenger of Allah and the necessity to love and honour him, I would like to talk about what, in many ways, is the most significant and important way to do that – to obey him and follow his Sunna. Anyone who claims to love him without doing that is simply giving lip service to the concept of love and does not understand its true meaning. That is merely the idea of love, an intellectual exercise, not a love which suffuses the heart and that is felt with every pore of your being, not true love. As the poet says,
لو كان حُبُكَ صَادقاً لأطعتَهُ إنَّ المحبَ لمن يحبُ مطيعُ
“If your love were true you would have obeyed him,
for the lover is the one who obeys the one he loves.” You do as he tells you, you even do what he does not ask of you, but what you know will be pleasing to him. And whatever is pleasing to him is pleasing to Allah. His whole life was for Allah and his every word, state and action was a pure reflection of what his Lord wants for His creation. He was a Messenger and not just in terms of what he conveyed through his Words. Aisha said of him,
كان خلقه القرآن
“His character was the Quran”, an expression of Allah’s Message.
Following him is worship of Allah, Allah says,
قُلِ اِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللهُ
the translation of which is, “Say, in you love Allah then follow me and Allah will love you. Obeying him is obedience to Allah. This is made clear throughout the Book of Allah. For example, Allah says,
من يطع الرسول فقد أطاع الله
the translation of which is, “Whoever obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah.” There is no other path to obedience to Allah, and anyone who thinks there is, is in for a nasty shock on the Yawm al-Qiyama. Allah says, relating what the unbelievers will say in the Next World,
يوم تقلب وجوههم في النار يقولون يا ليتنا أطعنا الله وأطعنا الرسولا
the translation of which is, “They will say on the Day their faces are rolled over in the Fire, ‘If only we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger!’”
The Quran is the uncreated Word of Allah, and the Sunna is its exposition, the means to its comprehension. They are inextricably linked. They cannot be separated – they are integral to one another. Without the Sunna, many of the meanings of the Book of Allah remain locked and inaccessible. Any who claim to have knowledge of the Quran without knowing the Sunna are misguided, mistaken and astray. Already in the first community, there were those who made this claim. Sayyidina Umar set them right. He wrote to his governors, saying,
إن أناسًا يجادلونكم (بالقرآن) فخذوهم بالسُّنَنِ فإنَّ أصحابَ السنن أعلمُ بكتاب الله
“People will try to argue with you (i.e. with the Qur’an), so overcome them with the Sunna. The people of the Sunna have the greatest knowledge of the Book of Allah.” So many of the Quran’s ayas are ambiguous, so many of its rulings dependent upon context. It is a difficult book. The Prophet said,
القرآن صعب على من كرِهه وهو الحَكَم، فمن استمسك بحديثي وفهمه وحفظه جاء مع القرآن، ومن تهاون بالقرآن وحديثي خسر الدنيا والآخرة، أُمِرتْ أمتي أن يأخذوا بقولي، ويطيعوا أمري، ويتبعوا سنتي، فمن رضي بقولي فقد رضي بالقرآن. قال الله تعالى: وما آتاكم الرسول فخذوه
“The Qur’an is hard and difficult for anyone who hates it. It is judgement. Whoever clings to what I say and understands it and retains it, then it will be like the Qur’an for him. Whoever considers the Qur’an and what I say unimportant and neglects it loses this world and the Next. My community is commanded to take my words and obey my command and follow my sunna. Whoever is pleased with my words is pleased with the Qur’an. Allah says, ‘Whatever the Messenger gives you you should accept .’”
One cannot divorce the Quran from the Sunna anymore than one can separate la ilaha illallah from Muhammad rasulullah, and to do so is to remove yourself from the body of the Muslims. Such people can no longer be considered part of us. The Prophet said,
من اقتدى بي فهو مني، ومن رغب عن سنتي فليس مني
“Whoever follows me is of me and whoever wants to abandon my sunna is not of me.”The sunna is the very heart of the deen, and holding firm to it is the secret to success in both this world and the Next, especially in these troubled times. As the Prophet said,
المتمسك بسنتي عند فساد أمتي له أجر مائة شهيد
“The one who clings to my sunna when the community is corrupt will have the reward of a hundred martyrs.”
So, what is the Sunna? It is not limited to the collections of hadith as some suppose, nor is it limited to words and deeds or even to the perfection of good character, although all of those are elements of it. The true Sunna is far more comprehensive – it is none other than the establishment and implementation of the deen in its totality, the true sunna is the Prophetic society of al-Madinat al-Munawwara, the true Sunna is to come to a place of darkness and misguidance, a place without deen, and leave it a place of guidance and light, a madinah. That is the way of our noble Messenger ﷺ. We ask Allah to make us people who follow his way, people who absorb his teachings and make them a part of our being, people who light up and illuminate the societies in which they live and restore right guidance. We ask Him to make us worthy inheritors to the Messenger of Allah and protectors of his Sunna.
أقول قولي هذا وأستغفر الله لي ولكم ولسائر المسلمين من كل ذنب فاستغفروه إنه هو الغفور الرَّحيم
الحمد لله الحمد لله رب العالمين، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله، صلى الله وسلم وبارك عليه وعلى آله وصحبه، والتابعين وتابعي التابعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.
أما بعد! فيأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله ما استطعتم واسمعوا وأطيعوا وأنفقوا خيرا لأنفسكم. يا عباد الله أوصيكم وإياي بتقوى الله وطاعته وأحذركم وإياي عن معصيته ومخالفته.
قال رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم: لا ألفين أحدكم متكئا على أريكته يأتيه الأمر من أمري مما أمرت به أو نهيت عنه فيقول: لا أدري، ما وجدنا في كتاب الله اتبعناه
The Prophet said, “Do not let any of you be found reclining on his bed when he hears an injunction from me which is from among those things which I myself have commanded or forbidden so that he says, ‘I do not know. We only follow what we find in the Book of Allah.’” Those who reject hadith, and by extension ‘amal and other forms of sunna, fall into a number of different camps – there are those who reject them completely, either claiming that the Prophet only came to deliver the Quran, or that the only ones directed to follow the sunna were the Sahaba, or that it is incumbent on us to follow the Sunna but impossible because the sources cannot be proven to be authentic or trustworthy.
And then there are those who reject some and accept some, not necessarily because of their reliability but because they do not fit in with their view of the world and how they think it should be. They have found themselves confronted by a world in which the Muslim umma is weak and subservient and the kafir ethos is powerful and dominant, and have been deceived. They have become blinded and cannot see beyond the means to the One who grants the means and takes them away. They are like the people who when they saw Qarun said,
يَا لَيْتَ لَنَا مِثْلَ مَا أُوتِيَ قَارُونُ إِنَّهُ لَذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ
the translation of which is, “Oh! If only we had the same as Qarun has been given! What immense good fortune he possesses.” They looked admiringly at the success of their enemies and the system which had brought them that success and wanted it for themselves. They thought that the only way for the Muslims to regain their power was for Islam to stop looking back and start looking forward, for Islam to abandon medieval ‘barbaric’ practices such as polygamy, slavery and hadd punishments, and adopt the enlightened ideas of the modern age – democracy, banking, insurance etc. – all they had to do was make them Islamic.
They viewed the weakness of the Muslim umma as being a sign of the weakness of the deen, whereas in fact the weakness lay not in the deen but in the Muslims themselves. The deen is complete and perfect in every way, as Allah Himself says:
الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِى
the translation of which is, “Today I have perfected your deen for you and completed My blessing upon you.” The deen does not require any updating. The sunna of the Messenger of Allah has been preserved in its entirety, I repeat in its entirety, by the fuqaha and the scholars of hadith, and the Madinan model remains there, vibrant for all to see, a timeless model of how a society should be. For the commands of the Prophet and his sunna are as much addressed to us today as they were to those whom accompanied him in his lifetime, And if it does not fit in with the modern world, then that is a sign that modern society is lacking, not Islam. So it is not Islam that should be modernised and adapted to fit the modern world, but the modern world that should be adapted to accommodate Islam. This may be a gradual process, but it is one that has to be done. We do not have to redesign Islam to accommodate banking, paper currency, or democracy, but rather must restore free markets, non-usurious currency, and true leadership. We do not need to beat the bankers and politicians at their own game, for such an endeavour – involving as it does disobedience to Allah – will only ever lead to failure. All we have to do is obey Allah and His Messenger and bring his sunna back to life. The key to the entire affair lies in the restoration of the Madinan model – therein lies our ultimate success and victory. As Umar ibn Abdal Aziz said,
من اقتدى بالسنة فهو مهتد ومن انتصر بها منصور، ومن خالفها واتبع غير سبيل المؤمنين، ولاه الله ما تولى، وأصلاه جهنم ، وساءت مصيرا
“Whoever follows the Sunna is guided and whoever seeks help by it will have victory. But whoever opposes it and follows other than the path of the believers, Allah will hand him over to that which he turns to and he will roast him in Jahannam. What an evil ending!”
We ask Allah to establish the sunna of the Prophet in us, through us and by us. And make us at the forefront of those who re-establish the deen and restore the Madinan model.
إِنَّ اللهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ، يَا أَيُهَا الذِينَ آمَنُواْ صَلُّواْ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسْلِيماً. اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ. وَارْضَ اللَّهُمَّ عَنِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ، وعن خديجة وعائشة وسائر أزواج النبي، وَعَنْ سَائِرِ الصَّحَابَةِ أَجْمَعِينَ، خُصُوصاً اِلأَنْصَارَ مِنْهُمْ وَالمُهَاجِرِينَ، وَعَنِ التَّابِعِينَ وَتَابِعِي التَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِ وُلَاةَ أُمُورِ المُسْلِمِينَ لِمَا يُرْضِيكَ وَلِاتِّبَاعِ سُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَهُمْ عَلَى الصِّرَاطِ المُسْتَقِيمِ، وَأَصْلِحْهُمْ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى شَيْخِنَا، وَعَلَى أَمِيرِنَا، وَعَلَى جَمِيعِ أُمَرَاءِ وَزُعَمَاءِ المُسْلِمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى المُسْلِمِينَ فِي هَذِهِ المَدِينَةِ، وَوَفِّقْهُمْ لِمَا تُحِبُّهُ وَتَرْضَاهُ يَا أَكْرَمَ الأَكْرَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ أَعِزَّ الإِسْلَامَ وَالمُسِْلمِينَ (3) وَاخْذُلِ الْكُفْرَ وَالْكَافِرِينَ، وَانْصُرِ المُجَاهِدِينَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ. وَاجْعَلْ كَلِمََتَكَ هِيَ العُلْيَا وَكَلِمَةَ الْكُفْرِ هِيَ السُّفْلَى.
رَبَّنَا ءَاتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقَِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ.
إِنَّ اللهَ يَامُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى، وَيَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ، يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَّكَّرُونَ، وَلَذِكْرُ اللهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ. وَقُومُواْ إِلَى صَلاتِكُمْ يَرْحَمُكُمُ اللهُ.