الحمد لله، الحمد لله الذي قسم الأوقات والأزمنة والآوان، وفضل يوم الجمعة على بقية الأيام، نحمده تعالى ونستعينه، ونشكره تعالى ونستغفرهونستغيثه، نعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهد الله فهو المهتد ومن يضلل فلن تجد له وليا مرشدا، ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحدهلا شريك له، له الملك و له الحمد، يحيي ويميت، بيده الخير، وهو على كل شيء قدير،  ونشهد أن سيدنا و مولانا محمداً عبده ورسوله، وحبيبهوصفيه، بلغ الرسالة وأدٌى الأمانة ونصح الأمة، النبي الأمي الذي أرسله الله بالهدى والدين الحق، بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة، صلى الله عليه وسلم وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.

أما بعد! فيا عباد الله اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون. يأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكمذنوبكم. ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما. اتقوا الله فيما أمر وانتهوا عما نها عنه وزجر.

Today, as you all very well know, is Jumu‘a, a day referred to by the Prophet as the best of days and the lord of days.

عن أبي لبابة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إن يوم الجمعة سيد الأيام وأعظمها عند الله وهو اعظم عند الله من يوم الفطرويوم الأضحى

Abu Lubaba narrated that the Prophet said, “The day of Jumu‘a is the lord of days  and the greatest of them in the sight of Allah for with Him it is greater than the day of the Eid al-Fitr and the day of the Eid al-Adha.” Jumu‘a is also itself referred to in a hadith narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas as an Eid, so it is a day of celebration – a day when joy and happiness descend upon the hearts of the believers. There are many secrets and rewards that Allah has set aside for His slaves on this day, but in order to access them, they must observe certain courtesies.

These courtesies are of two types, those that relate to the day of Jumu‘a as a whole and those that relate to the Jumu‘a prayer. We will start, inshallah, with those related to the Jumu‘a prayer, since it is the most important feature of this noble day.

Firstly, before proceeding to the mosque, you should do ghusl, This Jumu‘a ghusl is more than a simple courtesy – it is an emphasised sunna and should be done immediately before setting out for the prayer. It is a simple act and it carries with it an immense reward.

عن أبي أمامة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: « اغتسلوا يوم الجمعة فإن من اغتسل يوم الجمعة فله كفارة ما بين الجمعة إلى الجمعةوزيادة ثلاثة أيام

Abu Umamah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “Do ghusl on the day of Jumu‘a, for anyone who does ghusl on the day of Jumu‘a will have all the wrong actions he has committed from one Jumu‘a to the next forgiven, as well as those for three other days.”

Secondly, you should clean your teeth, cut your nails, trim your moustache, shave your pubic hair and pluck your underarm hair.

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : “خمسة من الفطرة: قص الشارب وتقليم الأظفار وحلق العانة  ونتف الإبطوالسواك”

Abu Hurayra narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “There are five things which are from the Fitra: Trimming the moustache, cutting the nails, shaving your pubic hair, plucking your underarm hair and using the siwak.”

Thirdly, you should put on the finest clothes that you have and fourthly, you should put on the best perfume that is available to you.

عن  أبي سعيد الخدري  قال : إن من الحق على المسلم إذا كان يوم الجمعة السواك وأن يلبس من صالح ثيابه وأن يتطيب بطيب إن كان

Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri is narrated as having said, “Part of the duties of the Muslim man on the day of Jumu‘a is to use the siwak, wear the finest of his clothes and put on perfume if he has any.”

All of the courtesies above are for the purpose of preparing yourself for your trip to the House of Allah and for your meeting with your Lord. And they are confirmed sunnas of the Prophet. And what greater occasion than the Jumu‘a is there? For whom are you saving your best clothes and your expensive perfumes? For work!? Or for dinner parties?! Allah Himself says:

“يا بني آدم خذوا زينتكم عند كل مسجد”

the translation of which is, “Children of Adam, wear fine clothing to every mosque.”

The fifth courtesy of Jumu‘a is going early to the mosque, for the earlier you get there, the greater the reward:

عَن أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: مَن اغْتَسَلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ غُسْلَ الْجَنَابَةِ ثُمَّ رَاحَ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَدَنَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِفَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَقَرَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ كَبْشًا أَقْرَنَ وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ دَجَاجَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الْخَامِسَةِفَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَيْضَةً فَإِذَا خَرَجَ الْإِمَامُ حَضَرَت الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الذِّكْرَ”

Abu Hurayra narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “Anyone who does ghusl on the day of Jumu‘a, the same as for janaba, and then goes in the first part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a camel. If he goes in the second part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a cow. If he goes in the third part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a horned ram. If he goes in the fourth part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a hen. If he goes in the fifth part of the time, it is as if he has offered an egg. When the Imam comes out, the angels settle down to listen to the reminder.”

And the sixth is walking not riding or driving to the mosque. But, of course, this last courtesy applies only if you live within a reasonable distance.

عن أوس بن أوس الثقفي أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال «من غسل واغتسل يوم الجمعة وبكر وابتكر ومشى ولم يركب ودنا من الإمام واستمع ولم يلغ كان له بكل خطوة عمل سنة أجر صيامها وقيامها

Aws ibn Aws ath-Thaqafi narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, “Whoever does ghusl on the day of Jumu‘a and goes to the mosque early, walking and not riding, then sits close to the Imam and listens without engaging in worthless chatter will be given the reward of a year’s worth of fasting and prayer for every step that he takes.”

Once you have entered the mosque, move as close to the front as you possibly can without disturbing those who are already inside or stepping over their necks, for that is a reprehensible act that is totally forbidden once the Jumu‘a has started.

Sa‘id ibn al-Musayyib, one of the great men of knowledge of Madina in the time of the Tabi‘in said: “I would prefer to drink a goblet of fire than to drink a glass of wine; I would prefer to drink a glass of wine than to miss the Jumu‘a; and I would prefer to miss the Jumu‘a than to step over the necks of people in the mosque.”

When you find space, pray two rak‘ats for greeting the mosque if the imam has not yet come out, and then sit down. But be sure to sit in a respectful manner, not leaning against a wall or pillar nor stretching your legs out towards the qibla. That is the height of disrespect towards the Mosque and towards its Master, our Creator.

This time when you are sitting down in the mosque before the  emergence of the imam is a special time, for Allah has placed Angels at the gates of the mosque, recording the actions of everyone inside, until the Imam comes out. Then the books are shut. So make use of that time to draw closer to your Lord, by reciting Qur’an, doing dhikr and reflecting upon His signs.

Then, when the imam comes out, you must cease all speech. You should not even return a greeting, even by a gesture. And when the imam begins the khutba, you should turn to face him, give him your full attention and listen carefully. This is not just a courtesy but is an obligation upon every Muslim, man or woman, for the entire duration of the khutba, as our Mu’adhin reminds us every week in the hadith he recites so beautifully before calling the adhan:

عَنْ مَالِك عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ عَنْ الْأَعْرَجِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ إِذَا قُلْتَ لِصَاحِبِكَ أَنْصِتْ وَالْإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَدْلَغَوْتَ

From Malik from Abu’z-Zinad from al-A’raj from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah said, “Even saying, ‘Be quiet!’ to your companion while the Imam is speaking on the Day of Jumu‘a constitutes idle chatter.”

و في حديث آخر قال: و من لغى فلا جمعة له

And in another hadith: “Whoever chatters (during the khutba), will have no Jumu‘a”. Meaning, his Jumu‘a will not be valid.

If you arrive late to find the Imam already upon the mimbar, sit down and do not pray any sunna rak‘ats. Do you not know that the khutba contains ayats of the the Book of Allah and that Allah has commanded us to listen to His Book when it is recited?

قال الله عز وجل في كتابه العزيز “وإذا قرئ القرآن فاستمعوا له وأنصتوا لعلكم ترحمون”

Allah says in His Noble Book, the translation of which is, “When the Qur’an is recited, listen to it and be quiet so that hopefully you will gain mercy.”

How can one both listen and concentrate on one’s prayer at the same time?

Do you not know that the khutba is said to replace two rak‘ats of the Dhuhr prayer? If you enter the mosque and find the imam in the Dhuhr prayer, would you pray two sunna rak‘ats or join straight in with the imam?

The obligatory always takes precedence, for the Prophet has said there is no nafila (i.e. no voluntary rak‘ats) when the obligatory prayer has been embarked upon. The same is true with respect to the Jumu‘a – as soon as the khutba begins, all supererogatory actions stop. That is the position of the people of Madinah where 10,000 companions remained praying the Jumu‘a prayer in the Mosque of the Prophet. That is the position of the Umm al-Madhahib.

After the prayer has finished you should not hang about in the mosque, but you should say your greetings and leave. Allah Himself instructs us to do that when He says:

“فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَانْتَشِرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ”

the translation of which is: “Then when the salat is finished spread through the earth”

And the Prophet used to leave the mosque and go to his home to pray the two sunna rak‘ats. If however you insist upon praying two rak‘ats after the Jumu‘a prayer, then please do not pray at the back or near the doors of the mosque where you block people who want to exit the mosque from leaving. Instead pray as near to the front as possible or next to the far wall opposite the entrance, out of respect for others who are using the mosque.

As we mentioned earlier, the day of Jumu‘a is an Eid, a day to strengthen bonds and bring happiness to hearts, so use the opportunity after the prayer to spend time with your fellow muslims and invite them to your homes. It is by feeding others that you bring life and light to the places in which you live.

May Allah grant us the success to observe these courtesies. May He make them second nature for us and make them a means towards coming closer to Him and strengthening the bond between the Muslims of our community.

أقول قولي هذا و أستغفر الله العظيم لي و لكم و لسائر المسلمين من كل ذنب فاستغفروه إنه هو التوّابُ الرَّحيم

الحمد لله الحمد لله رب العالمين، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله، صلى الله وسلم وبارك عليه وعلى آلهوصحبه، والتابعين وتابعي التابعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.

أما بعد! فيأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله ما استطعتم واسمعوا وأطيعوا وأنفقوا خيرا لأنفسكم. يا عباد الله أوصيكم وإياي بتقوى الله وطاعته وأحذركموإياي عن معصيته ومخالفته.

أيها المسلمون!

The courtesies which we dealt with in the first khutba were all related to the Jumu‘a prayer. There are however other courtesies that are due to the day of Jumu‘a in general.

The day of Jumu‘a, as we have already indicated, is a special day and actions done on it carry far greater weight than at other times. Indeed, Allah has hidden a time during it when He answers the du‘as of any slave who calls upon Him.

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ذَكَرَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَالَ فِيهِ سَاعَةٌ لَا يُوَافِقُهَا عَبْدٌ مُسْلِمٌ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ شَيْئًا إِلَّا أَعْطَاهُ إِيَّاهُزَادَقُتَيْبَةُ فِي رِوَايَتِهِ وَأَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ يُقَلِّلُهَا

Abu Hurayra narrated that the Rasul mentioned the day of Jumu‘a, saying: “There is a time during it when Allah تعالى  gives a Muslim standing in prayer whatever he asks for.” And he indicated with his hand that it was a very brief time. So one of the first courtesies of the day of Jumu‘a is to make du‘a throughout its day and night in the hope that one’s du‘a might coincide with that promised time. Look for the time especially between ‘Asr and Maghrib as Anas ibn Malik narrated that the Prophet said,

“التمسوا الساعة التي ترجى في يوم الجمعة بعد صلاة العصر الى غيبوبة الشمس”

“Look for that hoped-for time on the day of Jumu‘a in the period between the ‘Asr prayer and the setting of the sun.”

Another courtesy towards the day of Jumu‘a is reciting lots of Qur’an during it, especially surat al-Kahf:

عن ابن عمر ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قال : قال رسول الله ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ “من قرأ سورة الكهف في يوم الجمعة سطع له نورٌ من تحت قدميه إلىعَنان السماء، يُضيء له يوم القيامة، وغُفر له ما بين الجمعتين”

Ibn ‘Umar narrated that the Prophet said, “He who recites surat al-Kahf on the day of Jumu‘a, will be given a pillar of light that will shine out from beneath his feet into the sky, lighting up the Day of Judgement for him, and he will be forgiven all the wrong actions he committed from one Jumua to the next.”

Another courtesy of the day of Jumu‘a is to do extra prayers on the Prophet during it:

عن أبي مسعود الانصاري عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال “أكثروا علي من الصلاة يوم الجمعة فإنه ليس أحد يصلي علي يوم الجمعة إلا عرضتعلي صلاته ”

Abu Mas‘ud al-Ansari narrated that the Prophet said, “Do a lot of prayers on me on the day of Jumu‘a, for there is no one who prays on me on the day of Jumu‘a except that his prayer reaches me.”

Finally, Jumu‘a is a day when acts of generosity carry much greater weight with Allah:

The famous Tabi‘i, Ka‘b al-Ahbar, said, “Giving sadaqa on this day is better than giving sadaqa on other days” and the well-known scholar, Ibn al-Qayyim said, “The difference between giving sadaqa on the Day of Jumu‘a and giving it during the rest of the week is like the difference between giving sadaqa in Ramadan and giving it during the rest of the year.”

And, indeed, it has been the practice of many of the men of Allah to take food and money with them on their way to the Jumu‘a prayer and distribute it amongst the poor and needy. Be mindful of these courtesies and make a firm intention today to put as many of them into practice as you are able. Our time on this world is short and opportunities such as these are limited, so we must take full advantage of them. Allah says:

وَأَنْفِقُوا مِنْ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ فَيَقُولَ رَبِّ لَوْلَا أَخَّرْتَنِي إِلَى أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ فَأَصَّدَّقَ وَأَكُنْ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ وَلَنْ يُؤَخِّرَ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِذَا جَاءَأَجَلُهَا وَاللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

the translation of which is:  “Give from what We have provided for you before death comes to one of you and he says, ‘O Lord, if only you would give me a little more time so that I can give sadaqa and be one of the salihin.’ Allah will not give anyone more time, once their time has come. Allah is aware of what you do.”

O Allah, we ask You to give us and the strength and sincerity to make best use of this day and not to waste any of its moments. We ask you to grant us access to that time in which no du‘a is rejected. O Allah, accept our du‘as and make us of the successful ones. O Allah, make this community a shining beacon of light that illuminates this city, this country and this continent. Amin.

إنَّ اللهَ ومَلائِكَتَهُ يُصلُّونَ على النَّبِي يَا أَيُها الذينَ آمنوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وسَلِّمُوا تَسْليماً. اللهمَّ صَلِّ وسَلِّم وبارِك عَلَيْهِ وعلى آلِهِ وصَحْبِهِ  أجمعين.

وارض اللهم عن الخلفاء الراشدين المرشدين الحنفاء ساداتنا وأئمتنا أبي بكر وعمر وعثمان وعلي ، وعن سائر الصحابة أجمعين، خصوصاالأنصارمنهم والمهاجرين، وعن التابعين وتابعي التابعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.

اللهم اهد أولات أمور المسلمين لما يرضيك ولاتباع سنة نبيك صلى الله عليه وسلم   وثبت أقدامهم على الصراط المستقيم وأصلحهم يا رب العالمين.

اللهم بارك على شيخنا و على أميرنا رميز وعلى جميع أمراء وزعماء المسلمين.

اللهم بارك على المسلمين في هذه المدينة ووفقهم لما تحبه وترضاه يا أكرم الأكرمين.

اللهمّ أَعِزَّ الْلإسلامَ والمُسِلمينَ (3)  واَخْذُلِ الكُفْرَ والكافِرينَ، وانْصُرِ المُجاهِدينَ في سَبِيلِ اللهِ. واجْعَلْ كَلِمََتَكَ هِيَ العُلْيَا وكَلِمَةَ الكُفْرِ هِيَ السُّفْلى.

ربنا ءاتنا في الدنيا حسنة وفي الأخرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار.

ربنا ءاتنا من لدنك رحمة و هيئ لنا من أمرنا رشدا.

ربنا هب لنا من أزواجنا وذريتنا قرة أعين واجعلنا للمتقين إماما.

ربنا اغفر لنا ذنوبنا وإِسرافنا في أمرِنا وثبت أقدامنا وانصرنا على القوم الكافرِينَ.

إن الله يأمر بالعدل والإحسان وإيتاء ذي القربى وينهى عَنِ الفحشاءِ والمُنكَرِ والبغي، يعظكم لعلكم تذكرون، ولَذِكْرُ اللهِ أكبر والله يَعْلَمُ ما تَصْنَعُون.وقُومُوا إِلَى صَلاتِكُمْ يرحمكم الله